White Balance

What is white balance? White Balance is an aspect of photography that many digital camera owners don’t understand or use. Most digital cameras have automatic and semi automatic modes help you make the adjustments you need. Whit balance as is used to adjust colors to match the color of the light source so that white objects appear white. White balance will produce the desired results without the photographer having to worry about the type of lighting. The purpose of white balance is to adjust images to make the subjects look white in the final product. So it basically just helps you good lighting when taking a picture. Or at least help you make the picture look good with any type of lighting. It also tells your camera how to register color temperature.

Portrait photography tips

Top ten tips to create good portraits

  • watch how the light moves and it behaves
  • A curtain can be a good way to diffuse natural light
  • when using a reflector avoid lighting the model from below
  • keep an eye on how the atmosphere of a shot changes with the light
  • Arrive at the location in advance and take your photos at sunset, sunrise, and blue hour
  • Keep it as simple as possible and work with the light that is already available
  • Shooting RAW is a must because later on you can fix anything if it needs to be
  • Light is the most intense in the middle of the day which makes contrast and shadows more pronounced.
  • Homemade lamps will create a magnificent effect when it is combined with natural light.
  • Constantly check the broadcasts before you start your shoots.


This is my collage. It shows all the things I like and things I like to do. On the top left I have an image of the LA Dodgers logo. I put that image there because I like baseball and the LA Dodgers is my favorite baseball team. Next to that I put an image of flowers, Arctic Monkeys, Queen, and the Eiffel tower. I put the image of flowers because I really like flowers. Arctic Monkeys and queen are two of my favorite bands. I put the Eiffel Tower because I like Paris and I hope I will one day be able to go visit Paris France. I put a picture with the designer books and an image that says vouge .I put those to images because I like fashion and I thought that those images would be good. I included one of my all time favorite movies. The movie is called 10 things I hate about you.

I really like to bake so I put a picture of cookies. I also love dogs so I also put a picture of a puppy on the bottom right. I really like Vintage stuff like vinyls. I own many vinyls so I thought it would be cool if I added a picture with vinyls. I like Tyler the creator so I put a picture that says Call me if you get lost on the top right. Ariana Grande is another one of my favorite celebrity’s. She is such an amazing singer, she has great talent, and is beautiful. I overall just lover her and her music so much. One of my Favorite singer’s is Harry styles. He is such an inspiring person to not just me but many people all over the world. So I added an image of him on my collage too. I also added his butterfly tattoo he has.

I added that because I honestly just like how pretty it is. He also always says (T)reat (P)eople (W)ith (K)indness. I think that TPWK is an important think and I thought I would add it too. Last I added an Electric guitar on there because during the pandemic I bought myself my own electric guitar and I started learning how to play. I only know how to play a couple songs because it is and was different to learn many songs when you don’t know nothing about knowing how to play the guitar. I haven’t used it in a while because of school so I might of forgotten some things. But when I have time I try to practice because I am still learning how to play it.

Framing Composition

A, ISO 400, 1/2, f/8, 26mm

A, ISO 400, 1/2, f/8, 24mm

  1. The camera mode I used was on aperture priority (AV). I used this mode because it seems the easiest too work with.
  2. I think I do because I focused it where you can see the flowers first.
  3. I think I edited them okay. I made the background black so you can focus on the main thing.
  4. I think I would use take the photos outside and not inside and maybe use a different object.
  5. Honestly I don’t know. This was an easy assignment so I didn’t do much but I did work on it more than I usually do so maybe but I don’t know.

Action Sharp

What is action sharp? Action sharp is when you want the subject to be in focus with clear lines, crisp details, and no blurring. When trying to capture a perfect action shot you have to first get your settings right. Then you need to freeze the action. To do this you’ll need to choose a fast shutter speed. After that you need to do add motion. You will want to use a wide aperture, such as f/3.5 or lower.

It will create a narrow depth-of-field, and it helps the person or thing stand out, as the background distractions will be blurred. Picking your spot is very important when doing action sharp because when capturing an action sharp photo it all has to depend on whether you have a short or a long zoom lens. If it is possible, it’s a good idea to put yourself in a position where the person or object will be coming towards you. So basically it is just a good idea to get in the middle of the action. Hitting focus and getting the time right is really important too.


Motion Blur

TV, ISO 400, 1/2 sec, f/22, 43mm

This image shows motion blur because of how the camera captured the lights while the object is moving. I am guessing that the stutter speed was on point because if the shutter speed is to fast, it won’t capture much movement. When taking a motion blur photo will have to use a tripod because if you don’t the photo will come out super blurry. when you want to compensate for long shutter speeds when there is too much light you have to first use a small shutter speed. If you’re shooting in Shutter Priority, your camera will actually narrow the aperture for you. Then you have to Decrease your ISO. ISO impacts the sensitivity of your digital camera’s sensor to light, where a higher number will induce greater sensitivity and a lower number will induce less sensitivity. Finally you can try to a density filter. It’s a piece of glass that blocks light from passing through your lens.

TV, ISO 400, 1/4 sec , f/20 ,18mm

Depth the Field


Depth the field explained: Depth the field makes images appear sharp and in focus. There is a point focus in every picture. The sharp zone will vary from photo to photo depending on different factors. Images that are sharp from front to back have a deep depth the field. Whether the image has a shallow depth of field or a deep depth of field it can make a huge difference. There are three main factors that determine depth of field are Aperture, Distance between your lens and your subject ,and focal length of the lens. Large aperture equals a Small f-number which equals Shallow.

If you want to photograph a landscape and you want a deep depth of field, you have to set your aperture to f/11 .So the closer your subject is to the camera, the shallower your depth of field becomes. The longer your focal length, the shallower the depth of field. How to approach depth the field. First you set your camera to aperture priority or manual mode. Then you have to determine whether you want a deep or narrow depth of field.Next you adjust your aperture, distance to subject, and focal length



AV, IOS 800, 1/125/ f16,18mm

AV, ISO 800, 1/500, f5.6, 55mm

ISO 180, 1/500, f5.6, 200mm

F16, 1/60, 28mm

File Formats

JPEG: JPEG files are compressed in-camera and they are essentially set up to store as many images on the memory card as possible.

TIFF: TIFFs files are uncompressed and they are much bigger files that will take up a lot of space in your memory card and on your computer.

RAW: RAW files are created using a process that retains all of the information originally captured. RAW is the best option if you want to get the highest quality files from your camera.

DNG: DNG files is an attempt to provide a standard RAW file for all manufacturers and cameras. It is offered as a main RAW file format, or as an alternative to the manufacturer’s native RAW format.

PNG: PNG files are compressed in a lossless format and therefore it retains all detail. PNG quality doesn’t mean big file sizes and this is useful on the internet because you need pages to load quickly.

GIF: GIF files can only contain a maximum of 256 colors. GIFs are not the best choice for photos but rather for images with a limited color palette.

BMP: BMP files are large files that the color data is saved in each individual pixel without any compression.

PSD: PSD files allows for manipulation on specific individual layers rather than on the main image itself.


I really like this surrealism image because it has so much detail in in. I like how Jerry Uelsmann added wings to the person. I also like how the person is in the water and is leaving like a path of light. I also really Like the birds that are in the sky. Overall I just really like this image because of how it all fits all together and I like that the image is in black and white.

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